Dermabrasion is used to reduce small wrinkles in the face. Moreover, it reduces deep and dark scars resulting from acne, skin infections, accidents, etc. The patient needs to heal and recover fully before the procedure. Dermabrasion consists of removing the epidermis and some of the dermal layer. This removal is done with an iron rolling brush or coarse rolling stone.
For the following two weeks after the procedure, the patient must apply Fucidin, an ointment for protecting the newly formed sensitive skin. Indirect or direct sunlight exposure is NOT allowed during these two weeks. Skin growth will be more uniform in color, it will flatten, smoothen, and thin out. After the first two weeks the patient can wear make up again. In order to avoid dark skin color or an excessive white color of the skin, sunblock must be applied three times a day to protect the skin from direct or indirect sunlight for 6 months.
During the recovery period, the epidermal gland will grow through the dermal layer, through the hair towards the epidermal layer, which is in the skin's superficial area. Immediately after the procedure, the skin will turn very red and very sensitive. The redness will remain for a period of six to eight months; and it can be covered up with make up. Then, with time, the skin goes back to its normal color.
Accutane use should be discontinued 6 months prior to this surgery in order to avoid keloid scarring.
In order to obtain the desired effect, multiple dermabrasion sessions, every three to six months, are recommended. After the first session, the problem area is corrected by 40%. After the second session, the problem diminishes by 20%. Dermabrasion can be done in patients whose skin measures from 20 to 50 microns in depth.
Dermabrasion is normally done under local anesthesia and sedation. This procedure can be done simultaneously with other plastic surgery procedures.