There are three types of tattoos:
Accidental: This type of tattoo is caused by a burn or friction that causes an abrasion in the skin. This type of abrasion usually occurs when people fall, and the floor has fragments of sand, rocks, cement or rug threads. These fragments remain inside the skin, as they penetrate the dermal and epidermal layers.
Voluntary - Professional: These are done by expert hands in an optimum environment, where pigments are injected carefully in the dermal area. The procedure consists of superficially injecting pigments with colours that have definition in their borders.
Voluntary - Non-Professional: This type of procedure is done by less professional hands. The procedure results in deep application of pigments in the epidermal area, with no control of the amounts of carbon injected, and with less definition in the borderline of the different pigments.
There are two types of procedures that can be considered for tattoo removal:
Removal of the epidermis and some dermal layer: This removal is done with a rotary abrasive brush or an abrasive stone. In most cases the treatment needs to be done several times because the tattoo is usually only partially removed.
Complete removal of the skin with the tattoo: The skin is removed with a surgical blade around the tattoo. This procedure can be done all at once or in several sessions. The tattoo can also be partially removed, or it can be removed completely.
Either procedure is done as an outpatient procedure with local anesthesia.